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The Parliament of Nepal

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Published: February 4, 2015 10:42 am

The Parliament of NepalThe Parliament of Nepal was dissolved by King Gyanendra in 2002, on the grounds that it was incapable of handling the Maoist rebels. The country’s five main political parties have staged protests against the King, arguing that he must either call fresh elections or reinstate the elected legislature. In 2004, the King announced that parliamentary elections would be held within 12 months; in April 2006, in response to major pro-democratic protests, it was announced that Parliament would be reestablished.

On January 15, 2007, the old parliament was dissolved and replaced by the 330-member interim legislature of Nepal. During the time the 1990 Constitution was in effect, Nepal had a two chamber Parliament (Sansad):  The House of Representatives (Pratinidhi Sabha) had 205 members elected for five year term in single-seat constituencies and the House of the States (Rashtriya Sabha) had 60 members, 35 members elected by the Pratinidhi Sabha, 15 representatives of Regional Development Areas and 10 appointed members.

After the success of the April 2006 people’s movement, an Interim Constitution was promulgated and a constituent assembly election was held in April 2008. The 601-member assembly on 28 May 2008 abolished the 238 years old monarchy and declared the country a republic. The parliament cum constituent assembly, which was initially given two years to draft a new constitution, was dissolved on 27 May 2012 after its failure to draft a new constitution due to differences over restructuring the state. Nepal now has no parliament and is ruled by a caretaker government led by Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai, a UCPN (Maoist) leader.

Nepal’s Interim Constitution did not foresee that the constituent assembly would fail to promulgate a new constitution. Now in the absence of parliament it has become constitutionally impossible to amend the constitution to hold new parliamentary or CA election. Also, bitter wrangling among the political parties has prevented various key appointments including in constitutional bodies and prevented the Maoist government from unveiling a full fiscal budget. Women’s representation in the Parliament of Nepal has increased in the Constituent Assembly, which will have immense role to draft the future constitution of Nepal.

Posted by on February 4, 2015. Filed under Parliamentary Information. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry